Trailblazers Transformed: 10 Women Who Rewrote the Science Playbook

Ada Lovelace (1815-1852)

Recognized as the first computer programmer for her work on Charles Babbage's analytical engine, laying the groundwork for modern computing.

Marie Curie (1867-1934)

Pioneered research in radioactivity, discovered polonium and radium, and was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, later earning a second in a different field.

Janaki Ammal (1897-1984)

India's first female plant scientist, known for her work in hybridization and biodiversity conservation.

Chien-Shiung Wu (1912-1997)

Played a key role in the experimental proof of the non-conservation of parity in weak nuclear interactions, a cornerstone in modern physics.

Katherine Johnson (1918-2020)

Her mathematical genius helped ensure the success of the U.S. manned spaceflights, including Apollo 11's moon landing.

Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958)

Made critical contributions to understanding the molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal, and graphite.

Vera Rubin (1928-2016)

Her discovery of the discrepancy between the predicted angular motion of galaxies and the observed motion provided key evidence for the existence of dark matter.

Gladys West (1930-)

Her mathematical models of the Earth's shape were integral in the development of the Global Positioning System (GPS).

Flossie Wong-Staal (1947-)

A virologist and molecular biologist who was the first to clone HIV and map its genes, significantly advancing AIDS research.

Jennifer Doudna (1964-)

Co-developer of CRISPR-Cas9, a groundbreaking gene-editing technology that has revolutionized genetic research and therapy.