How UPSC Verify EWS Certificate: The Complete Process

By Acadlog 8 Min Read
8 Min Read

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a central agency that plays a pivotal role in the recruitment process for various governmental positions in India. One of the critical aspects of UPSC examinations is the reservation system, which aims to provide equal opportunities to marginalized communities. Among these, the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) is a category that has gained significant attention in recent years. This article offers an in-depth guide on how the UPSC verifies EWS certificates, a critical document for candidates applying under this category.

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The EWS Category: An Overview

Definition and Criteria for EWS

The Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) is a category that was introduced through the 103rd Constitution (Amendment) Act, 2019. This amendment provides a 10% reservation in educational institutions and government jobs for individuals who do not fall under any other reserved categories like Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), or Other Backward Classes (OBC).

  • Income Criterion: To qualify for the EWS category, the annual gross income of the family should be below Rs. 8 Lakhs. This income includes all sources, such as agriculture, business, and salary.

  • Property Ownership: The family should not own more than 5 acres of agricultural land. Additionally, the family should not own a residential flat that exceeds 1000 square feet or a residential plot that exceeds 100 square yards in notified municipalities.

The Rationale Behind Introducing EWS Reservation

The primary objective behind the introduction of the EWS reservation was to extend the benefits of reservation to those sections of society that are economically disadvantaged but do not qualify for any other types of reservation. The EWS reservation aims to uplift those who fall into the lowest socioeconomic bracket, thereby ensuring a level playing field for all.

When Does UPSC Verify the EWS Certificate?

The UPSC usually conducts the verification of the EWS certificate at the time of the interview. It is crucial for candidates to have their EWS certificates verified before appearing for the UPSC interview. This pre-verification helps in avoiding any complications that could arise due to discrepancies in the EWS certificate.

Who is Authorized to Issue an EWS Certificate?

The issuance of an EWS certificate is a critical step and is carried out by specific competent authorities. These include:

  1. District Magistrate/Additional District Magistrate/Collector/Deputy Commissioner
  2. Revenue Officer not below the rank of Tehsildar
  3. Sub-Divisional Officer of the area where the candidate and his/her family normally reside.

It’s essential to ensure that the EWS certificate is obtained from one of these authorized officials to avoid any issues during the UPSC verification process.

Documents Required for EWS Certificate Verification

When it comes to the UPSC EWS certificate verification, candidates need to be prepared with a set of specific documents. These include:

  • Passport-sized photograph: For identification purposes.
  • Aadhaar card or ID Proof: This could be a Pan card, Voter ID, etc.
  • Land/property documents: These are required to verify the property ownership details.
  • Affidavit/Self Declaration: This is often required to declare the income and other details.
  • Residential proof/Domicile Certificate: To confirm the place of residence.
  • Income and Assets Certificate: This is the primary document that proves your eligibility for the EWS category.

By ensuring that all these documents are in place, candidates can smooth out the verification process, thereby increasing their chances of successfully clearing the UPSC examination under the EWS category.

The Verification Process

Step-by-Step Guide to Verification

The UPSC EWS certificate verification process is a meticulous one, designed to ensure that only genuinely eligible candidates benefit from the EWS quota. Here’s how it generally unfolds:

  1. Initial Scrutiny: Once you submit your EWS certificate along with other documents, an initial scrutiny is conducted to check for any glaring inconsistencies.
  2. Document Cross-Verification: Authorities cross-verify the details mentioned in the EWS certificate with other supporting documents like income proofs, land ownership papers, etc.
  3. Field Verification: In some cases, a field verification may be conducted to ascertain the veracity of the claims made in the EWS certificate.
  4. Final Approval: After successful verification, the EWS status is approved, allowing the candidate to avail the benefits of the EWS quota in the UPSC exams.

Time Taken for Verification

The time taken for the verification process can vary but usually takes up to a few weeks. It’s advisable to get the certificate verified well in advance of the UPSC interview date to avoid any last-minute issues.

Consequences of Discrepancies

If any discrepancies are found during the verification process, the candidate may face severe consequences, including disqualification from the UPSC exam and legal actions.

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Typical Errors

  1. Incorrect Information: Providing false or incorrect information is a common mistake that can lead to disqualification.
  2. Outdated Certificate: Using an EWS certificate that has expired or is not valid for the current year.
  3. Incomplete Documentation: Missing out on any of the required documents can delay the verification process.

Tips to Avoid Mistakes

  • Double-Check Information: Always double-check the information you provide in the EWS certificate.
  • Keep Documents Updated: Make sure all your documents, including the EWS certificate, are current and valid.
  • Follow Guidelines: Always adhere to the guidelines and instructions provided by UPSC and the issuing authority of the EWS certificate.


What is the Validity of an EWS Certificate?

The validity of an EWS certificate is generally for one year but can vary depending on the issuing authority.

Can I Update My EWS Status After Submitting the UPSC Application?

No, the EWS status cannot be updated once the UPSC application is submitted. Therefore, it’s crucial to get your EWS certificate verified before applying.

What Happens if My EWS Certificate is Found to be Fake?

If your EWS certificate is found to be fake or incorrect, you could face disqualification from the UPSC exam and may also be subject to legal penalties.

Final Thoughts

Understanding how UPSC verifies EWS certificates is crucial for candidates applying under this category. From knowing the authorized issuing authorities to understanding the verification process and being aware of common mistakes, every aspect is vital for a smooth UPSC application process.

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