MP Judiciary Exam Syllabus and Exam Pattern: Complete Breakdown

By Acadlog 12 Min Read
12 Min Read

The Madhya Pradesh Judiciary Exam, a critical step for those seeking judicial roles in Madhya Pradesh, features a comprehensive syllabus that demands focused preparation. With the latest information from various sources, let’s explore the syllabus for both Preliminary and Mains Examinations for MP Judiciary Exam as well as MP Judiciary exam pattern in detail.

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MP Judiciary Syllabus: Complete Breakdown

MP Judiciary Preliminary Examination Syllabus

The Preliminary Exam is the first stage of the MP Judiciary Exam. It consists of 150 multiple-choice questions, each carrying one mark. The syllabus includes the following topics.

  1. Constitution of India: Covers the fundamental structure, rights, duties, and the functioning of the Indian government system.
  2. Code of Civil Procedure, 1908: Encompasses jurisdiction of Courts, various procedures, and decrees.
  3. Indian Penal Code, 1860: Deals with definitions and provisions of various offenses.
  4. Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973: Includes topics like powers of courts, bail, charge, trial procedures, and more.
  5. Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Rules for admissibility of evidence in courts.
  6. Limitation Act, 1963: Prescribes limitation periods for different suits, appeals, and applications.
  7. Transfer of Property Act, 1882: Addresses laws related to the transfer of property between living persons.
  8. Indian Contract Act, 1872: Discusses the making and enforcement of contracts.
  9. Specific Relief Act, 1963: Pertains to law relating to certain kinds of specific relief.
  10. MP Land Revenue Act, 1959: State-specific regulations on land revenue collection.
  11. Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses Act, 2012: Child protection law against sexual offenses.
  12. Information Technology Act, 2000: Laws governing information technology and digital/electronic commerce.
  13. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015: Addresses the treatment and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders.
  14. Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881: Laws relating to negotiable instruments like cheques, promissory notes, etc.
  15. M.P. Accommodation Control Act: Local laws related to accommodation control in Madhya Pradesh.

General Knowledge

The General Knowledge section of the MP Judiciary Prelims aims to assess the candidate’s awareness of the world around them, including:

  1. Current Affairs: National and international news, important dates and events, recent developments in politics, economy, sports, and culture.
  2. History: Indian and world history, focusing on major events, movements, and historical figures.
  3. Geography: Physical, social, and economic geography of India and the world.
  4. Indian Polity and Constitution: Structure and functions of Indian government, Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles, Parliament and State Legislatures, Judiciary, Union and State Executive.
  5. Economy: Basic principles of the economy, current economic scenario in India, key economic indicators.
  6. General Science: Basic principles of science, recent scientific and technological developments.
  7. Environmental Science: Environmental issues, conservation, biodiversity, climate change.
  8. Madhya Pradesh Specific Information: Information about the state of Madhya Pradesh including its history, culture, geography, economic scenario, and current affairs.

Computer Knowledge

The Computer Knowledge section tests the basic understanding and familiarity with computers:

  1. Basics of Computers: Introduction to computers, hardware, and software components.
  2. Operating Systems: Basics of operating systems like Windows, Linux, etc.
  3. Microsoft Office: Understanding of MS Word, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint.
  4. Internet and Email: Basics of Internet, search engines, email communication.
  5. Computer Networking: Basic concepts of networking, types of networks.
  6. Internet Security: Understanding of cyber threats, basic security measures.

English Knowledge

The English Knowledge section assesses the basic understanding and proficiency in the English language:

  1. Grammar: Parts of speech, tenses, subject-verb agreement, articles, prepositions, conjunctions, conditionals.
  2. Vocabulary: Synonyms, antonyms, idioms and phrases, one-word substitutions.
  3. Comprehension: Reading comprehension skills, ability to understand and interpret written text.
  4. Precis Writing: Ability to condense a lengthy passage into a concise summary.
  5. Translation: Translation of passages from Hindi to English and vice versa (may be included in some instances).

MP Judiciary Mains Exam Syllabus

The Mains Examination for the Madhya Pradesh Judiciary Exam is comprehensive, encompassing various aspects of law and legal writing. It consists of four papers, each focusing on different areas of law and legal skills. Here’s a detailed look at the syllabus for each paper:

Paper I: Civil Law & Procedure

This paper tests the candidate’s knowledge and understanding of civil laws and procedures.

  1. Constitution of India: Includes topics like the Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles, Union and State Government structure, Judicial Review, Writs, Emergency Provisions, and Constitutional Amendments.
  2. Code of Civil Procedure, 1908: Jurisdiction of Courts, Res Judicata, Temporary Injunctions, Order IX to XI (Suits in General), Order XXII (Death, Marriage, and Insolvency of Parties), and other relevant provisions.
  3. Transfer of Property Act, 1882: Key concepts including the sale, mortgage, lease, gift, and actionable claim.
  4. Contract Act, 1872: Essentials of a valid contract, performance, breach, contingent and quasi contracts.
  5. Specific Relief Act, 1963: Specific performance, rescission, rectification, injunctions.
  6. Limitation Act, 1963: Concept of limitation and computation of the period of limitation for different matters.

Paper II: Writing Skill, Court Practice & Translation

This paper evaluates writing skills, court practices, and translation abilities.

  1. Essay Writing: Essays on legal issues and social issues, demonstrating an understanding of legal principles and societal contexts.
  2. Precis Writing: Summarizing legal judgments or passages.
  3. Translation: Translation of passages from Hindi to English and vice versa, including legal phrases and terminology.

Paper III: Criminal Law & Procedure

This paper covers various aspects of criminal law.

  1. Indian Penal Code, 1861: General principles, definitions, and provisions related to offenses against the human body, property, state, etc.
  2. Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973: FIR, Criminal Trial, Bail, Charge, Evidence Collection, and other relevant procedures.
  3. Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Principles regarding admissibility and relevancy of evidence, witness examination, and documentary evidence.
  4. Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (Chapters XIII to XVII): Provisions relating to promissory notes, bills of exchange, and cheques.
  5. MP Accommodation Control Act, 1961: Laws related to the control of rent and eviction.
  6. MP Land Revenue Code, 1959: Land revenue administration in Madhya Pradesh, including land records and agricultural tenancies.

Paper IV: Judgment Writing

This paper tests the candidate’s ability to draft judicial orders and judgments.

  1. Framing of Issues and Charges: Identifying and articulating key legal questions and charges in civil and criminal cases.
  2. Judgment/Order Writing: Drafting judgments and orders in both civil and criminal matters, focusing on clarity, legal soundness, and coherence.

Key Areas for Interview

The Interview or Viva-Voce stage in the Madhya Pradesh Judiciary Exam is designed to assess the overall personality traits, communication skills, legal acumen, and suitability of the candidate for a judicial role. Unlike the written exams, the Interview does not have a fixed syllabus. However, certain key areas are generally focused upon during this stage:

  1. Legal Knowledge: A deep understanding of legal principles, laws, and their applications. Candidates should be prepared to answer questions on various legal topics covered in the Prelims and Mains exams.
  2. Current Legal Developments: Awareness of recent judgments, amendments, and significant developments in the field of law. Candidates should be up-to-date with landmark judgments and contemporary legal issues.
  3. General Awareness: Questions may also be asked about general topics, including current affairs, important events, and issues of both national and international importance.
  4. Personal Experience and Opinions: Interviewers might ask questions related to the candidate’s educational background, work experience, hobbies, interests, and opinions on various social and legal issues.
  5. Problem-Solving Skills: Sometimes, hypothetical legal situations or dilemmas are presented to assess the candidate’s problem-solving and analytical abilities.
  6. Communication Skills: The ability to communicate thoughts clearly and concisely is key. This includes not just verbal communication but also body language and overall demeanor.
  7. Ethical and Moral Values: Questions to gauge the ethical and moral standpoint of the candidate, which is crucial for a career in the judiciary.
  8. State-Specific Knowledge: For the MP Judiciary Exam, some questions may pertain to the state of Madhya Pradesh, including its laws, culture, and current issues.

Read: Delhi judicial services syllabus

MP Judiciary Exam Pattern: Complete Breakdown

The Madhya Pradesh Judiciary Exam, conducted by the Madhya Pradesh High Court, follows a distinct pattern comprising three stages: Preliminary Examination, Mains Examination, and Interview/Viva-Voce. Each stage serves a specific purpose in evaluating the candidates’ legal knowledge, analytical skills, and overall suitability for judicial services.

Preliminary Examination

  1. Format: Objective type (Multiple Choice Questions).
  2. Number of Questions: 150 questions.
  3. Total Marks: 150 marks.
  4. Duration: 2 hours.
  5. Subjects Covered: The exam tests knowledge in legal subjects like the Indian Penal Code, Civil Procedure Code, etc., along with General Knowledge, Computer Knowledge, and English.
  6. Marking Scheme: Each question carries one mark. There is no mention of negative marking for incorrect answers in the sources​​​​​​​​.

Mains Examination

  1. Format: Descriptive/Essay type.
  2. Number of Papers: Four papers.
  3. Total Marks: Each paper is of 100 marks, making a total of 400 marks.
  4. Duration: The duration of each paper is 3 hours.
  5. Subjects Covered:
    • Paper I: Civil Law & Procedure.
    • Paper II: Writing Skill, Court Practice & Translation.
    • Paper III: Criminal Law & Procedure.
    • Paper IV: Judgment Writing.
  6. Evaluation Criteria: The emphasis is on the candidate’s understanding and application of law, analytical abilities, and writing skills​​​​​​.


  1. Total Marks: 50 marks.
  2. Purpose: This stage assesses the candidate’s personality, legal knowledge, communication skills, and overall suitability for the role of a judge.
  3. Preparation: Candidates should focus on developing a thorough understanding of legal concepts, current legal developments, and general awareness, along with honing their communication skills​​​​.

Overall Selection Process

  • Qualification for Mains: Candidates must score above the cutoff in the Preliminary exam to qualify for the Mains exam.
  • Final Selection: The final merit list is prepared based on the aggregate scores in the Mains exam and the Interview.
  • Importance of Each Stage: While the Preliminary exam is typically qualifying in nature, the Mains exam and Interview are crucial for final selection and ranking.

Final Words

The MP Judiciary Syllabus 2023 is exhaustive and requires a methodical preparation plan. Aspiring candidates should refer to the official MPPSC notification for the most updated information and focus their efforts on the most critical subject matter for efficient preparation. Regular updates on the syllabus and exam pattern are crucial for staying on track with the preparation.

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