Salary of a Government Teacher in India: The Complete Breakdown

By Acadlog 8 Min Read
8 Min Read

Teaching is often considered a noble profession, shaping the future of the nation one student at a time. In India, the teaching sector is vast, encompassing a range of institutions from primary schools to prestigious universities. One of the most frequently asked questions by aspiring educators is about the salary of a government teacher in India. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide on this topic, covering the impact of the 7th Pay Commission, current salary structures, and various factors that affect these salaries.

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The 7th Pay Commission and Its Impact

What is the 7th Pay Commission?

The 7th Pay Commission is a government initiative aimed at revising the pay scales of employees working in the public sector, including teachers. Launched in September 2015, this commission has had a significant impact on the salary of a government teacher in India.

How it Benefits Government Teachers

The 7th Pay Commission has resulted in an average salary hike of about 16% for government teachers. This is a substantial increase, making the profession more financially rewarding.

  • Before 7th Pay Commission: Average salary was around ₹30,000 per month.
  • After 7th Pay Commission: Average salary increased to approximately ₹35,000 per month.

Percentage Increase in Salary and Other Allowances

Not just the basic pay, but other allowances like House Rent Allowance (HRA), Dearness Allowance (DA), and Travel Allowance (TA) have also seen a hike. For instance, the HRA has seen an increase of up to 24%, depending on the city of residence.

Allowance Type Before 7th Pay Commission After 7th Pay Commission
HRA 20% of Basic Pay 24% of Basic Pay
DA 12% of Basic Pay 16% of Basic Pay
TA ₹1,600 per month ₹2,000 per month

Current Salary Structures

Understanding the salary structure is crucial for anyone considering a career in teaching. The salary of a government teacher in India varies depending on several factors, including the level of education they provide.

Salary for Primary School Teachers

Primary school teachers generally teach students up to the 5th standard. Their salary ranges from ₹25,000 to ₹35,000 per month, depending on experience and location.

Salary for High School Teachers

High school teachers, who teach students from the 6th to the 10th standard, can expect a salary ranging from ₹35,000 to ₹50,000 per month. Specializations in subjects like Science and Mathematics often command higher salaries.

Salary for Post Graduate Teachers

Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs) are usually employed in higher secondary schools and junior colleges. Their salary can range from ₹40,000 to ₹60,000 per month, depending on various factors like experience and additional qualifications.

Salary for AICTE Professors

Professors in AICTE-approved colleges have a different pay scale, generally starting from ₹50,000 and can go up to ₹1,00,000 per month, based on experience and other credentials.

Salary for CBSE Teachers

Teachers in CBSE-affiliated schools generally follow the pay scales set by the central government. Their salaries are comparable to those of government teachers in state-run schools.

Type of Teacher Average Monthly Salary
Primary School ₹25,000 – ₹35,000
High School ₹35,000 – ₹50,000
Post Graduate Teachers ₹40,000 – ₹60,000
AICTE Professors ₹50,000 – ₹1,00,000
CBSE Teachers ₹30,000 – ₹45,000

Factors Affecting Salary

Understanding the salary of a government teacher in India is not just about knowing the numbers; it’s also about understanding the various factors that influence these figures. Here are some key considerations:


Experience plays a significant role in determining the salary of a government teacher in India. Teachers with more years of service often receive higher pay and additional benefits.

  • Less than 5 years: Entry-level salary
  • 5-10 years: Mid-level salary with potential for promotions
  • More than 10 years: Senior-level salary with additional allowances


The state or city where a teacher is employed can also affect their salary. Metropolitan cities often offer higher salaries to compensate for the higher cost of living.

  • Metropolitan Cities: Higher salary
  • Tier-II Cities: Moderate salary
  • Rural Areas: Lower salary

Type of Institution

The kind of institution where a teacher is employed can also influence their salary. Government-run schools usually have a fixed pay scale, while private institutions may offer different packages.

  • Government Schools: Fixed pay scale
  • Private Schools: Variable pay scale
  • International Schools: Higher salary with additional benefits

Specializations and Additional Qualifications

Teachers with specialized skills or additional qualifications often command higher salaries. For example, a teacher with a Ph.D. or a specialized certification may receive a higher pay scale.

Additional Benefits and Allowances

Apart from the basic salary, government teachers in India also enjoy various other benefits:

Health Benefits

Most government teachers are entitled to medical benefits for themselves and their immediate family.

Pension Plans for Retired Teachers

Retirement benefits are one of the most attractive aspects of a government teaching job. Teachers are usually entitled to a pension, which is a percentage of their last drawn salary.

Other Allowances

Government teachers often receive other allowances like:

  • Dearness Allowance (DA)
  • House Rent Allowance (HRA)
  • Travel Allowance (TA)

State-wise Salary Comparison

The salary of a government teacher in India can vary significantly from one state to another. Here’s a brief comparison:

State Average Monthly Salary
Delhi ₹45,000 – ₹60,000
Maharashtra ₹40,000 – ₹55,000
Uttar Pradesh ₹30,000 – ₹45,000
Tamil Nadu ₹35,000 – ₹50,000

Future Prospects

The teaching profession in India is expected to see several changes in the coming years, including potential salary hikes and improved benefits, making it an even more attractive career option.


Understanding the salary of a government teacher in India involves various factors, including the impact of the 7th Pay Commission, the current salary structure, and additional benefits. With lucrative pay scales and numerous other benefits, a career in government teaching is not only noble but also financially rewarding.

Additional Resources

For the latest updates on the salary structures and benefits for government teachers in India, you can visit the following government websites:

Read: How to become a government teacher in UP

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