TN UG TRB 2023: Detailed Syllabus, Exam Pattern and Other Details

By Acadlog 9 Min Read
9 Min Read

The Undergraduate Teacher Recruitment Board (UG TRB) exam is not just another test; it’s a career-defining opportunity for aspiring educators in Tamil Nadu. Administered by the Tamil Nadu Teachers Recruitment Board, this examination serves as the entry point for teaching roles in various subjects at the undergraduate level in government educational institutions. This article is designed to be your all-in-one resource for the UG TRB syllabus, offering in-depth insights into each subject, the exam pattern, and much more.

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Exam Overview

Organizing Body

The Tamil Nadu Teachers Recruitment Board, a unit of the Tamil Nadu government, is the official authority for the UG TRB exam. With a history dating back to 1997, the board has a track record of efficiently managing recruitment processes for educational roles in the state.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Educational Qualification: A Bachelor’s degree in the subject you wish to teach is mandatory.
  • Age Limit: The age bracket is 21-40 years, with age relaxation applicable for candidates belonging to reserved categories.

Exam Format and Duration

The TN UG TRB exam is a written test comprising 150 multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Each question is worth one mark, summing up to a total of 150 marks. Candidates have 3 hours to complete the test.

TN UG TRB 2023: Detailed Syllabus

The TN UG TRB syllabus is a comprehensive framework that covers a multitude of subjects. Each subject has its own set of topics that are crucial for the exam. Let’s take a closer look at each subject and its corresponding topics.

UG TRB Syllabus for Tamil

Classical Literature

  • Sangam Literature: Detailed study of early Tamil literature including “Akananuru,” “Purananuru,” and “Thirukkural.”
  • Post-Sangam Period: Works like “Silappathikaram” and “Manimekalai.”

Modern Literature

  • 19th Century: Contributions of scholars like U. V. Swaminatha Iyer.
  • 20th Century: Modern poets like Bharathiyar, Bharathidasan, and their impact on Tamil literature.

Grammar and Linguistics

  • Syntax and Semantics: Sentence formation, types of sentences, and their meanings.
  • Phonetics: Study of sounds in Tamil language.
  • Morphology: Structure of words and their formation.

UG TRB Syllabus for English

British Literature

  • Early Modern Period: Works of Shakespeare, John Milton.
  • Victorian Era: Novels of Charles Dickens, poetry of Robert Browning.
  • Modernism: Works of Virginia Woolf, James Joyce.

American Literature

  • Colonial Period: Writings of Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine.
  • Romantic Period: Works of Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne.
  • Contemporary: Toni Morrison, Don DeLillo.

Language and Linguistics

  • Syntax: Sentence structure in English.
  • Semantics: Meaning of words and sentences.
  • Pragmatics: Language use in context.

UG TRB Syllabus for Maths


  • Linear Algebra: Matrices, determinants, vector spaces.
  • Abstract Algebra: Groups, rings, and fields.


  • Differential Calculics: Limits, continuity, derivatives.
  • Integral Calculus: Definite and indefinite integrals, applications.


  • Descriptive Statistics: Measures of central tendency, dispersion.
  • Inferential Statistics: Hypothesis testing, regression analysis.

Science Syllabus


  • Mechanics: Newton’s laws, conservation laws, rotational dynamics.
  • Electromagnetism: Electric fields, magnetic fields, electromagnetic waves.
  • Quantum Physics: Quantum mechanics, quantum computing, quantum cryptography.


  • Organic Chemistry: Alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic compounds.
  • Inorganic Chemistry: Periodic table, chemical bonding, coordination compounds.
  • Physical Chemistry: Chemical kinetics, thermodynamics, electrochemistry.


  • Plant Physiology: Water relations, mineral nutrition, plant hormones.
  • Genetics: Mendelian genetics, DNA replication, genetic engineering.
  • Ecology: Biogeochemical cycles, ecosystem structure, biodiversity.


  • Animal Physiology: Homeostasis, endocrine system, nervous system.
  • Evolution: Darwin’s theory, genetic drift, punctuated equilibrium.
  • Ethology: Social behavior, mating systems, animal communication.

Social Science Syllabus


  • Ancient India: Harappan civilization, Vedic period, Mauryan and Gupta empires.
  • Medieval India: Delhi Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Mughal Empire.
  • Modern India: Colonial rule, Indian National Movement, post-independence era.


  • Physical Geography: Plate tectonics, weather systems, oceanography.
  • Human Geography: Demography, urbanization, cultural geography.
  • Environmental Geography: Climate change, conservation, natural disasters.

According to the latest data, the History and Geography sections alone contribute to approximately 30% of the exam questions, emphasizing their importance in the UG TRB syllabus.


Exam Pattern

The table below outlines the exam pattern:

Subject Number of Questions Marks per Question Total Marks
Tamil 20 1 20
English 20 1 20
Maths 20 1 20
Science 45 1 45
Social Science 45 1 45

Marking Scheme

Each question in the UG TRB exam is worth one mark. The best part? There’s no negative marking, allowing you to attempt all questions without the risk of losing marks.

Minimum Qualifying Marks

Scoring well in the UG TRB exam is not just about answering questions; it’s about meeting the minimum qualifying marks to ensure your eligibility for the next round. The criteria differ based on the category to which you belong:

  • General Category: 40% of the total marks
  • Reserved Categories (BC, BCM, MBC/DNC, SC, SCA, ST): 30% of the total marks

Preparation Tips

  • Tamil: ‘Tamil Ilakkiya Varalaru’ by Mu. Varadarajan
  • English: ‘English Literature’ by William J. Long
  • Maths: ‘Higher Algebra’ by Hall & Knight
  • Science: NCERT textbooks for Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology
  • Social Science: ‘Ancient India’ by R.S. Sharma and ‘Geography of India’ by Majid Husain

Study Plan

  1. Understand the Syllabus: The first step in your preparation should be a thorough understanding of the UG TRB syllabus.
  2. Create a Timetable: Allocate specific time slots to each subject based on its weightage in the exam.
  3. Practice Regularly: Consistent practice is the key to mastering any subject.
  4. Mock Tests: Take at least one mock test every week to assess your preparation level.

Time Management

  • Reading Time: Spend the first 10 minutes scanning through the question paper.
  • Answering Time: Allocate not more than 1 minute per question to ensure you attempt all questions.
  • Review Time: Reserve the last 15 minutes for revising your answers.

Model Question Papers

Solving model question papers is a proven method to understand the exam pattern and improve your time management skills. Websites like ‘’ and ‘’ offer a plethora of model question papers for the UG TRB exam.


What is the UG TRB exam?

The UG TRB exam is conducted by the Tamil Nadu Teachers Recruitment Board for recruiting undergraduate teachers in Tamil Nadu.

How many subjects are covered in the UG TRB syllabus?

The TN UG TRB syllabus covers a wide range of subjects including Tamil, English, Maths, Science, and Social Science.

Is there negative marking in the UG TRB exam?

No, there is no negative marking in the UG TRB exam, which allows you to attempt all questions without the fear of losing marks.

Final Words

The UG TRB exam is a golden opportunity for aspiring teachers in Tamil Nadu. With a detailed understanding of the UG TRB syllabus and a well-planned preparation strategy, you are well on your way to securing your dream teaching job. Remember, success in this exam is not just about knowledge; it’s about strategy, practice, and dedication.

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