Sarkari Jobs for 12th Pass: Best Govt Job Options After 12th

By Acadlog 9 Min Read
9 Min Read

In India, the allure of a government job is unparalleled. Known as ‘Sarkari Naukri’, these positions are highly sought after for their job security, benefits, and prestige. For those who have completed their 12th standard, the government sector offers a plethora of opportunities. This guide explores the various aspects of Sarkari jobs for 12th pass individuals, outlining the opportunities, preparation strategies, and the application process.

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Several government sectors actively recruit 12th pass candidates. These include:

1. Railway Recruitment Board (RRB)

  • Roles Offered: The RRB offers positions like ticket collectors, clerks, apprentices, and assistant technicians.
  • Opportunities: As one of the largest employers, the Indian Railways provides numerous job openings across the country.
  • Selection Process: The selection typically involves a written test followed by an interview and document verification.

2. Border Security Forces (BSF)

  • Roles Offered: The BSF recruits for various roles, including security and support services like Rifleman General Duty, Havildar Clerk, and Warrant Officer.
  • Significance: Working in BSF not only provides job security but also a chance to serve the nation.
  • Selection Process: The process usually includes a physical test, a written examination, and a medical examination.

3. Public Sector Banks

  • Roles Offered: Positions include clerks, customer service representatives, and security guards.
  • Growth Opportunities: Banking sector jobs are known for their growth prospects and opportunities for internal promotions.
  • Selection Process: Candidates are generally selected through a written test followed by an interview.

4. Indian Army

  • Roles Offered: Non-combat roles such as clerical staff, technicians, and tradesmen.
  • Prestige: A career in the Indian Army is highly respected and offers a sense of pride and honor.
  • Selection Process: The selection process includes physical tests, written exams, and interviews, depending on the role.

5. Staff Selection Commission (SSC)

  • Roles Offered: Clerical roles, data entry operators, and other administrative positions.
  • Exams Conducted: SSC conducts various exams like SSC CHSL, SSC GD, etc., for 12th pass candidates.
  • Selection Process: Involves a written test, skill test (if applicable), and an interview.

6. State Government Departments

  • Roles Offered: Various administrative and support roles in different state government departments.
  • Diversity of Roles: Offers a wide range of job profiles depending on the state and its requirements.
  • Selection Process: Generally includes a written test followed by an interview.

7. Police Departments

  • Roles Offered: Positions like constables, drivers, and support staff.
  • Community Service: A career in the police force is not just a job but a service to the community.
  • Selection Process: Includes physical tests, written exams, and sometimes, interviews.

8. Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs)

  • Roles Offered: Various roles like apprentices, trainees, technicians, and fireman/A.
  • Stability and Benefits: PSUs are known for their job security and employee benefits.
  • Selection Process: Usually involves a written test followed by an interview.

9. Postal Department

  • Roles Offered: Positions like Gramin Dak Sevaks, postmen, and postal assistants.
  • Reach and Impact: The postal department plays a crucial role in rural and urban communication.
  • Selection Process: Selection is often based on the merit of the 10th and 12th standard marks.

10. Medical and Healthcare Sector

  • Roles Offered: Lower division clerks, housekeepers, X-ray technicians, and multi-tasking staff in institutions like AIIMS.
  • Service to Society: Offers an opportunity to contribute to the healthcare sector.
  • Selection Process: Involves written tests and interviews, depending on the role.

Read: Government jobs in medical field after 12th

Top 5 Sarkari Jobs for 12th Pass Candidates

1. Railway Jobs

  • Organizations: Indian Railways, through the Railway Recruitment Board (RRB).
  • Roles: Assistant Technician, Signal Operator, Ticket Collector, Clerk, etc.
  • Salary Details: The salary for entry-level positions in Indian Railways typically ranges from INR 18,000 to INR 25,000 per month. However, this can vary based on the specific job role and location.

2. Defense Services

  • Organizations: Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force.
  • Roles: Non-combat roles such as clerical staff, technicians, tradesmen, etc.
  • Salary Details: The starting salary in defense services for non-combat roles can range from INR 20,000 to INR 30,000 per month, depending on the rank and position.

3. Staff Selection Commission (SSC) Jobs

  • Exams Conducted: SSC CHSL (Combined Higher Secondary Level) and others.
  • Roles: Lower division clerks, data entry operators, etc.
  • Salary Details: The salary for SSC job roles like lower division clerks and data entry operators usually starts from around INR 19,000 to INR 22,000 per month.

4. Bank Jobs

  • Roles: Clerical positions, customer service representatives, etc.
  • Salary Details: Entry-level clerical positions in public sector banks offer salaries starting from INR 20,000 to INR 25,000 per month. This can increase with experience and additional allowances.

5. Police Department Jobs

  • Roles: Positions like constables, drivers, and support staff.
  • Salary Details: The starting salary for a constable in the police department can range from INR 22,000 to INR 28,000 per month, varying with the state and the specific department.


Eligibility Criteria

Basic Educational Qualification

  • Minimum Requirement: The fundamental criterion for Sarkari jobs for 12th pass candidates is the successful completion of the 12th standard from a recognized board or institution.
  • Specific Requirements: Some roles may require specific subjects or streams in the 12th standard, depending on the job’s nature.

Age Criteria

  • General Age Limit: The typical age limit for entry-level government jobs ranges from 18 to 27 years. However, this can vary based on the job and the recruiting organization.
  • Age Relaxation: There is usually age relaxation for candidates belonging to reserved categories (SC/ST/OBC/PWD) as per government norms.


  • Citizenship: Candidates must be citizens of India. In some cases, subjects of Nepal, Bhutan, or Tibetan refugees who came to India before January 1, 1962, with the intention of permanently settling in India are also considered.

Physical Standards

  • Applicability: Physical standards are particularly relevant for jobs in defense, police, and other similar sectors.
  • Requirements: These may include minimum height, chest measurement, and physical fitness standards. The criteria can differ for male and female candidates.

Other Specific Criteria

  • Skill-Specific Requirements: Some jobs may require specific skills or certifications, such as typing speed for clerical roles or ITI certification for technical positions.
  • Language Proficiency: Proficiency in a particular language may be required, especially for state government jobs.

Examination and Selection Process

The selection process typically involves:

  • Written Test: Objective type questions covering general knowledge, mathematics, and language skills.
  • Physical Test: Applicable for certain positions like police and defense services.
  • Interview: Personal interviews for some high-profile jobs.
  • Document Verification: Verification of educational and other relevant documents.

Application Process

  1. Online Application: Most government jobs require candidates to apply online through the respective official websites.
  2. Application Fee: Varies according to the job and category.
  3. Filling in Details: Candidates need to fill in their personal and educational details accurately.
  4. Uploading Documents: Scanned copies of photographs, signatures, and educational certificates are required.

Career Growth and Opportunities

Government jobs offer clear and structured career growth paths. Promotions are typically based on service duration and performance. Additionally, there are opportunities for professional development through various government-sponsored training programs.

Last Thoughts

For 12th pass candidates, the government sector offers a diverse range of job opportunities with the promise of job security, respectable salaries, and the chance to serve society. Each sector has its unique set of roles, responsibilities, and selection processes, catering to a wide array of interests and skills.

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